Atelier des prospective urbaine

Le vendredi 2 décembre 2022, nous avons organisé l’atelier de prospective « Fraîcheurs urbaines. Exploration collective de scénarii d’adaptation des espaces publics urbains aux étés caniculaires » à ensa Nantes.
Inscrit dans le projet de recherche ANR Coolscapes, cet atelier a eu pour objectif de comprendre la vision des experts de l’aménagement urbain sur les espaces de rafraîchissement en ville. Ce bel après-midi d’échanges nous a servi pour resituer notre objet de recherche selon trois questions : Quelles incidences des espaces de rafraîchissement localisé sur les visions territoriales ? Quelles modalités de rafraîchissement localisé pour l’avenir des espaces publics ? Comment penser les espaces de rafraîchissement localisés à travers les imaginaires et représentations de la fraîcheur en ville ? Nous avons réuni pour ce travail 10 professionnels de profils complémentaires selon la méthode du World Café. Une synthèse suivra bientôt !
Merci à tous les participants sur place #PaulineBarlier Nicolas Bataille Morgane Colombert Mathieu Delmas vincent hertenberger Christian Lecouvey Célia Mailfert alban mallet #MatthieuTheaudin Christoph von Fischer, aux participants ayant dû annuler en dernier moment Guillaume Meunier Fabienne Legros à l’équipe d’organisation du laboratoire #AAU #Crenau Thomas LEDUC #DanielSiret Celine Drozd #VirginieMeunier #AnneBossé et Kévin Chesnel

Summer school experiencing Nantes

Présentation du workshop

Le workshop international « Experiencing the public space. A psycho-architectural approach to urban design » est une école d’été co-organisée par l’Université Estatale de Milan, le Politecnico di Milano, l’École Polytechnique de l’Université de Thessaly et l’ENSA Nantes. 

Continuer la lecture de Summer school experiencing Nantes

Urban cooling strategies as interaction opportunities in the public space: a methodological proposal

We are pleased to announce that our oral communication for the international conference CISBAT21 is now published in the special issu of the Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Continuer la lecture de Urban cooling strategies as interaction opportunities in the public space: a methodological proposal

Implementation of a solar model and shadow plotting in the context of a 2D GIS: challenges and applications for the cooling effect of tree-covered based greening solutions in urban public spaces

We are pleased to announce the oral communication for the international conference of Spatial Analysis and GEOmatics SAGEO21.

Continuer la lecture de Implementation of a solar model and shadow plotting in the context of a 2D GIS: challenges and applications for the cooling effect of tree-covered based greening solutions in urban public spaces

Experimental sites – summer 2021

This summer, we went to Paris La Défense to investigate three spatio-climatic devices in collaboration with Paris La Défense, Efficacity, Véolia, Université Gustave Eiffel and Engie. Efficacity and Paris La Défense have launched two experiments to refresh public spaces during this summer, also presented as “Oasis of freshness” (additional information: https://efficacity.com/experimentations-oasis-de_fraicheur/ or https: //parisladefense.com/). These include a “refreshing platform” from Seureca / Veolia and a “fresh island – skycooling” from Engie Solutions, placed on the forecourt near the Grande Arche of La Défense (Figure 1, top). In addition, we wanted to add to this campaign a third site, consisting of a landscaped sequence of gardens on slabs, called “Sequence Agam”. It was designed by Atelier Foïs and is located between the fontaine Agam Place and the Basse Place (Figure 1, bottom).

Mobile microclimate and ethnographic observations were carried out between July 18th and 22nd, 2021 between 11:00 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. for 5 consecutive days, juggling between the three sites. These observations complete the static measurements carried out by permanent stations during the test period. The stations are directly set up on the refreshing platform and the fresh island as well as on the square in between.

Figure 1: Experimental sites in Paris La Défense, summer 2021. Top : oasis of freshness (source : https://efficacity.com/experimentations-oasis-de_fraicheur/), bottom : Experimental garden « Séquence Agam », by Atelier Foïs (source : https://www.atelierfois.com/info.html)
Continuer la lecture de Experimental sites – summer 2021

Characterization of thermal comfort in the city – part 2:

HOW DOES URBAN SPACE DESIGN SHAPE THERMAL COMFORT?

According to Lindberg (2007), Wei et al. (2016), Lin et al. (2017) and Middel et al. (2018), urban morphology (urban canopy geometry, materials and the presence of vegetation) is the most influencing factor for urban microclimate at local and micro scale during the day as well as during the night. Geometry changes air flow, heat flow and the energy balance, while surface coverage changes albedo, moisture availability, and the heating/cooling capacity of the soil (Stewart and Oke, 2012). It influences thus air and surface temperatures, turbulent flows, ventilation, solar radiation and air quality at pedestrian level.

Continuer la lecture de Characterization of thermal comfort in the city – part 2:

Characterization of thermal comfort in the city – Part 1:

HOW TO OVERCOME THE GENERIC APPROACH OF UNIVERSAL COMFORT INDICES?

The interest in the potential of public spaces to produce thermal comfort conditions for city dwellers has increased considerably in recent decades (Johansson et al., 2018). In the era of adaptation to global warming, the urban public space design must respond to ecological (creation of urban cool islands), health (prevention of the effects of heat waves), and socioeconomic (events, shops) needs. Thus, the study of these spaces and the thermal effects induced locally and temporally by space-climatic devices raise several scientific questions:

Continuer la lecture de Characterization of thermal comfort in the city – Part 1:

Experimental sites – summer 2020

In addition to the “Quai des Plantes” experimental site, we investigated two other sites this summer, between July and September 2020: 1) the “Extraordinary Garden” in the Misery quarry and 2) the “Rideau d’eau” (“water curtain” in English) at the “Place Graslin” (Figure 1). The measurement protocols applied are identical to those of “Quai des Plantes”.

Figure 1: Experimental sites in Nantes, summer 2020
Continuer la lecture de Experimental sites – summer 2020

Quai des plantes (Nantes) – an experimental site

One of our experimental sites this summer is the “Quai des Plantes” or “vegetated dock”, located on the Loire river banks in Nantes. Offering a plant nursery, a green promenade and a place for gathering, leisure and festivities, this very mineral site (a former parking lot built on the top board of a reinforced-concrete dock) has been redeveloped over 500 m since the summer of 2017. Today, 1,500 trees planted in pots constitute the perpetual heart of the site, before being planted in the parks and public gardens of the city of Nantes. This ephemeral and dynamic installation revives its historic vocation of transitioning plants coming by colonial ships to the garden of French apothecaries. The transitory nature is also reflected in the desire to transform sustainably the Loire docks into a green axis between the city center and the public transport stop “Gare Maritime” and the lower Chantenay district.

Continuer la lecture de Quai des plantes (Nantes) – an experimental site

A Review on interdisciplinary methods for the characterization of thermal perception in public spaces

We are pleased to announce that our oral communication for the international conference CISBAT19 is now published the special issu of the Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Continuer la lecture de A Review on interdisciplinary methods for the characterization of thermal perception in public spaces

Reflections on Interdisciplinary Methods for Studying the effects of Thermo-spatial Perception in the public space

Coolscapes is a research project based on an interdisciplinary approach to the thermo-spatial perception of the public space. From our point of view, understanding the manifold phenomena that influence citizens’ thermal perception requires gathering together divers disciplinary research methods. Although research fields such as microclimatology, sensory studies, environmental psychology, cognitive sciences or urban studies deal with the thermal experience outdoors and contribute to knowledge, mixing their methods can lead to new methodological designs in which “the weaknesses inherent in one method, can be compensated by making use of the other method that is assumed not to have the same weaknesses” (Deschepper et al., 2017).

Continuer la lecture de Reflections on Interdisciplinary Methods for Studying the effects of Thermo-spatial Perception in the public space

Un inventaire des “dispositifs spatio-climatiques” dans le Monde

Chaque été, le nombre d’espaces dans la ville intégrant un mode de rafraîchissement augmente et nous interroge sur les formes et usages de la ville en période caniculaire. Pour mieux comprendre ce phénomène, nous tentons de le circonscrire autour de l’appellation « dispositif spatio-climatique ». Ce terme englobe les espaces urbains à usage collectif sous l’influence d’un dispositif de rafraîchissement. La notion de « dispositif » nous aide à mieux appréhender les phénomènes spécifiques à l’échelle du corps du citadin et de la micro-morphologie de la ville (Chelkoff, 2001).

Continuer la lecture de Un inventaire des “dispositifs spatio-climatiques” dans le Monde
Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search